Publishers utilise the supply-side platform (SSP) to link their inventory to ad exchanges. An SSP enables publishers to filter advertisements based on the advertiser and other criteria, as well as set varying rates for ad spaces to specify the cost. Let's look at the components of DSP:
The bidder is the most significant component of the DSP because it is responsible for placing bids on ad impressions in a real-time bidding (RTB) process. Because the RTB process is completed in milliseconds, the ability to execute the bid as quickly as feasible is critical. To reduce latency, most DSPs use numerous data centres located across the world. Analytics are used by demand-side platforms to estimate impression bids based on historical data.
The DSPs' ad servers are responsible for serving the required ad elements to the publisher's website. They do, however, much more than that. Ad servers also collect impression and conversion statistics, which can be utilised to improve the ad campaign. They also include fraud prevention features that detect fraudulent ad inventory. A demand-side platform can run its own ad server or integrate with one from another company.
A crucial feature of a DSP is the ability to track and record data on ad effectiveness, such as impressions, ad viewability, clicks, CTR, conversions, ad spending, and so on. This is then shown on a reporting dashboard and utilised to optimise ad campaigns.
When a user views an ad provided by a DSP, the DSP collects user data. They develop a profile of the user over time, allowing them to give them particular attributes and position them in an audience segment based on the type of content they consume, where they consume it, and which ads they click on. Remarketing efforts and ad optimization make advantage of the user profile database.
In DSPs, this component is referred to as the banker or cashier. It is what allows the advertiser to determine the campaign's budget parameters, such as setting a maximum budget. The budget manager can also establish guidelines for how the budget is spent.
DSPs interface with ad exchanges and SSPs for ad space, but they also integrate with other tools to extend functionality, such as data management platforms, analytics platforms, payment gateways, and brand safety solutions, which improve the DSP's risk management capabilities.
Working with a DSP provides the opportunity to access different ad exchanges and supply-side platforms. Combining several supply sources enables a demand-side platform to simplify and streamline the ad-buying process, providing an advertiser with a broad cross-channel reach from a single source. As a result, advertisers would want their DSP to interface with many ad exchanges and SSPs.